Nanoscience is the futuristic science that alters any material at the atomic and molecular level or the nano level. Once the basic structure of an object manipulates, it can use in multiple ways. There are different stages in Nanoscience. In passive nanostructure, molecular structures are chang in such away. That transforms ordinary material into a super material possessing highly efficient properties like superconductivity, water-resistance, and highly tensile. Whereas active nanostructures are about using the super properties of nanomaterials for producing nanomedicines for chronic diseases like cancer.
Making the Dream Possible With Nanoscience:
Who would have thought one day we will travel to space like we are visiting our neighbourhood park. And finally, it just happened, and now even ordinary people can travel to space. There are space tourism companies like Virgin Galactic, SpaceX and Blue Origin that will offer all those trips to space who are ready to pay the astronomical fares.
In the Marvel series of Hollywood movies like Avenger, they show characters having superpowers who can fly at will, read and control the minds of other people, and virtually do anything. It may seem fantastical, but nanotechnology can make it possible. The way nanoscience is shaping up, we are getting closer to what is shown in films like Avengers.
Generation of Nanoscience and Tech:
What they show in these science fiction films is actually the third and fourth generational stages of nanotech that most people think of and talk about. Once we reach this stage, the machines will automatically assemble themselves in association with other nanoparticles to create custom made systems for specialized jobs.
It may sound crazy enough at present, but in reality, we almost touch the surface of such advance levels of Nanotech. In 2018, the chemical engineering department of MIT, USA design a material. That could react with carbon dioxide directly from the air, to grow, strengthen, and even repair itself. Theoretically, if the surface of an object built with this material is scratched or cracked, the affected area grows to fill in the gaps and repair the damage, without requiring any external action by us.
In simple words, the process follows a similar principle related to plant growth, where they use carbon dioxide from the air to grow tissues. Usually, a crack is created within the material, which is filled with hydrogel and plant-derived chloroplasts.
Developing a synthetic material that consumes carbon dioxide from the air instead of fossil fuels has obvious benefits for the environment and climate. However, it is still in its early stages of development. But once it becomes available, it will have extraordinary applications in construction work. Earthquakes, tsunamis, tornados and so many other things.
Final Stages of Nanoscience systems:
This is the fourth and final stage of nanosystems. Where we can control the outcome of nanotechnology as per our choice. We will develop the capability to manufacture highly sophisticate and complicate systems that can use almost anywhere. It will change everything – the way we work, the way we eat, the way we entertain, and the way. We communicate on the Indian social media app. In short, it will change our world. Everything around us will become easier for us.
We will not be as active as we are today, and in the next century, that will likely reflect in the evolutionary biological changes in our anatomy. We are talking about a time that is far ahead into the future and right now. It may sound as if we are talking about science fiction. However, such an advanced level of nanotech at present exists only in two places: our minds and Hollywood films.
Nanoscince For Future:
To give a perspective of the future we are talking about, let us use a little bit of imagination. In the next 100 years, when we perfect nanosystems. We should be able to instruct nanoparticles to provide us with tools and items. Once they receive our voice command, they will convert themselves into the shape of whatever tool we ask for.
In hindsight, if we advance so much, why do we even need tools when everything will likely self-repair itself. Maybe, we would still need a spoon and bowl to eat our meal. It is a different matter that once we did eat, it evaporates into thin air upon instruction. Similarly, something as routine as washing dishes would become a primitive concept.
However, in the near future, things such as gas stations and phone chargers will discuss only in history classes, and that too if schools remain the way they are today. With highly efficient nanomaterials that are not only superconductive but having regenerating properties too, who will need to recharge? They would seem archaic to people of the future. As we see the use of burning coal to run ships and trains.
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